A Halbach array is a special arrangement of permanent magnets that makes the magnetic field on one side of the array stronger, while canceling the field to near zero on the other side. This is very different from the magnetic field around a single magnet. With a single magnet, you have an equal strength magnetic field on either side of the magnet.
What magnet would you want?
The most commonly seen example of a Halbach array is the flexible refrigerator magnet. These thin, flexible magnets are often printed on for use as refrigerator magnets or on the backs of cars. If sticking to a steel surface is your goal, there is an even better option: the Mounting Magnet. Mounting magnets use a steel channel or cup to redirect the magnetic field from the backside of a single magnet, which roughly doubles the pull strength you might expect from the magnet alone.
Applications of Halbach Arrays
* Halbach Array is most commonly used to produce a magnetic field utilizing permanent magnets arranged in a 90° orientation change between magnetic elements, which amplifies the magnetic force.