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Neodymium Iron Boron Temperature Ratings

Dive deep into the thermal characteristics of Neodymium Iron Boron (NdFeB) magnets with our comprehensive guide. NdFeB magnets, known for their exceptional magnetic strength, are widely utilized in various applications, from electric motors and wind turbines to hard disk drives and audio equipment. However, their performance is significantly influenced by temperature changes, making understanding their temperature ratings crucial for optimal use and longevity.

Temperature Effects on Neodymium Iron Boron, NdFeB, magnets

The Neodymium Iron Boron magnets (NdFeB magnets) are the strongest magnets available. Up to +150 degrees C, they are stronger than the other Rare Earth magnet, SmCo. At around +150 degrees C and above these Neo magnets perform not as strongly as SmCo. The maximum recommended temperature for the NdFeB magnets is +230 degrees C, whereas the SmCo can work at +300 to +350 degrees C.

Neodymium Iron Boron can be used at low temperatures but at around 135 Kelvin (-138 degrees C), the direction of magnetization is said to change from a single axis (easy-axis) to an easy-cone which could cause a fall in output of up to 15% due to this spin reorientation. It is possible to use Neodymium Iron Boron magnets to be used at even colder temperatures but this drop in output will need to be taken into account.

The temperature coefficient of Intrinsic Coercivity (how Hci varies with temperature), b, for Neodymium is approximately -0.6%/degree C (from ambient, but a range of -0.45%/degree C to -0.6%/degree C is possible depending on the Neodymium grade) between +20 and +120 degrees C.

The temperature coefficient of Remanent Induction (how Br varies with temperature), a, for Neodymium is -0.12%/degree C (from ambient, but a range of -0.08%/degree C to -0.12%/degree C is possible depending on the Neodymium grade).

It should be noted that, strictly speaking, these values for a and b actually vary with temperature, and the use of stated values beyond 20 to 120 degrees C may result in inaccuracies when designing (actual BH curves at temperatures assist in clarifying for design purposes).

Temperature characteristics of NdFeB grades

MAGNET TYPE SUFFIX Rev.Temp.Coef. of Induction
(Br), a, %/°C (20-100°C)
Rev.Temp.Coef. of Coercivity
(Hci), b, %/°C (20-100°C)
Max. Working Temperature
(based on High working point)
  -0.12 -0.6 80 ºC = 176 ºF *
M -0.12 -0.58 100ºC = 212 ºF
H -0.11 -0.58 120ºC = 248 ºF
SH -0.1 -0.55 150 ºC = 302 ºF
UH -0.09 -0.52 180 ºC = 356 ºF
EH -0.085 -0.5 200 ºC = 392 ºF
VH / AH -0.08 -0.45 230 ºC = 446 ºF
      * 60 ºC for N50 and N52

Our guide covers the essential aspects of temperature effects on NdFeB magnets, including:

How grade choice affects performance when the NdFeB magnet is subjected to heat

Temperature Effects on Neodymium Iron Boron, NdFeB, magnets


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