A motor is a machine that converts the energy of the motor into mechanical energy. Its working principle is based on the electromagnetic interaction of the magnetic field generated by the coil and magnet contained in the structure. It can be divided into two types: axial flux motor and radial flux motor, according to the direction of the magnetic field. The world’s first motor, invented by Michael Faraday in 1821, belongs to the axial flux type. Though axial flux motor came out earlier, its further development was limited by the material and technological level at that time. Conversely, the radial flux motor which invented by Davenport in 1834 taking the lead in development, and became known as the simple motor.
The air gap of the axial flux motor is planar, and its air gap magnetic field distribution along the axial direction, that is, the air gap magnetic field is perpendicular to the air gap plane. The current development trend of the motor is high speed, low weight and high efficiency, and the axial flux motor is regarded again under this circumstance.
For the slotted motor, the cogging torque cannot be avoided due to the interaction between the permanent magnet and the stator tooth, hence lead to torque ripple, vibration and noise. The cogging torque of axial flux motor will be suppressed after changing the traditional fan shape axial flux motor magnet into skewed fan shape.
Axial flux motor is also suffering from eddy current losses, and its work efficiency will be also affected by the high-temperature demagnetization. Magnet segmentation technique is an advisable choice to decrease the eddy current losses of axial flux motor magnet. It should be noted that the effects of horizontal segmentation will be much better than vertical segmentation’s.
To sum up, the axial flux motor has the following advantages:
* Compact structure, especially short axial sizes.
* Small volume.
* Low weight.
* High torque density.
* High power density.
* Small end-winding.
* Excellent cooling performance.
Based on the above advantages, the axial flux motor is perfect for high torque density and space compact applications. Most people believe that the high power density only depends on high speed, and overlook the influence of torque density. The mere pursuit of high speed will lead the short service time and noise. In fact, the core of the high-speed motor is the enhancement of torque density, and axial flux motor is a typical solution among them.
Thank you for reading our article and we hope it can help you to know more about Axial Flux Motor & Axial Flux Motor Magnets. If you are interested in strong magnets used in Axial Flux Motor, we would like to recommend you to visit Stanford Magnets for more information.
As a leading magnet supplier across the world, Stanford Magnets has been involved in R&D, manufacturing, and sales of various magnets since the 1990s. It provides customers with high-quality rare earth permanent magnetic products such as neodymium magnets, and other non-rare earth permanent magnets at a very competitive price.